2015年01月06日

もし世界が100人の人々であったならのチャート。

ワシントンポスト(Washington Post)は、ロンドンベースのインフォグラフィック・デザイナーのジャック・ハグレー(Jack Hagley, a London-based infographic designer)は、「世界が100人の人々であったなら」という簡単な前提において手配されたグローバルなデータの全体の範囲をレイアウトして、チャートを作り出したと報告した。

【広告】 クレオパトラは、ほとんど裸で生活していたと言われ、彼女は椰子油を全身に塗り、朝と晩にそれらを洗い流していたと言われている。つまり、椰子油の全身パックを毎日2回していたことになり、もしそれが事実なら彼女の肌は吸い付くようにつるつるで、ぷるるんとしていたことだろう。

このようなチャートは、昔デザイナーの杉浦康平が手作りで制作し、私も何度か雑誌グラフィックデザインに掲載するため悩まされた。
今は高速演算機能があるパソコンが発達したことから、センスさえ良ければ一人で制作可能になった。

後は、どのデータをインフォグラフィックにするか?

ジャック・ハグレーの「世界が100人の人々であったなら」は、
あなたは、どのようにこの惑星の人々の大きさがアジアであるかをわかることができる。ほとんどはどれほどインターネットにアクセスできないか。少なくとも世界100の人の4分の1は、どのように子供であり、1日あたりUS$2に約半分(約US$1)で支配されるか。

世界の人口70億人の人々についてマークすることは、1992年に編集された古い統計図表から派生して、最近アップデートされた。

ジャック・ハグレーがこれまでに作ったインフォグラフィックも紹介されている。

バウハウスのハーバート・バイヤーと杉浦康平は、インフォグラフィックの元祖と言える。

If the World were 100 PEOPLE:1992年のオリジナル・データ
50 would be female
50 would be male

There would be:
61 Asians
12 Europeans
14 people from the Western Hemisphere
13 Africans

30 would be children
There would be 70 adults,
7 of whom would be aged

70 would be non-white
30 would be white

33 would be Christian
18 would be Muslim
16 would be Hindu
6 would be Buddhist
1 would be Jewish
11 would believe in other religions
15 would be non-religious

1 would have a college education
1 would own a computer

80 people would live in substandard housing
14 would be unable to read

50 would suffer from malnutrition
20 would be undernourished
1 would be dying of starvation
15 would be overweight

75 people would have some supply of food and a place to shelter them from the wind and the rain, but 25 would not.

17 people would have no clean, safe water to drink

If the World were 100 PEOPLE:2006年のアップデート・データ
50 would be female
50 would be male

26 would be children
There would be 74 adults,
8 of whom would be 65 and older

There would be:
60 Asians
15 Africans
14 people from the Americas
11 Europeans

33 Christians
22 Muslims
14 Hindus
7 Buddhists
12 people who practice other religions
12 people who would not be aligned with a religion

12 would speak Chinese
5 would speak Spanish
5 would speak English
3 would speak Arabic
3 would speak Hindi
3 would speak Bengali
3 would speak Portuguese
2 would speak Russian
2 would speak Japanese
62 would speak other languages

83 would be able to read and write; 17 would not

7 would have a college degree
22 would own or share a computer

77 people would have a place to shelter them
from the wind and the rain, but 23 would not

1 would be dying of starvation
15 would be undernourished
21 would be overweight

87 would have access to safe drinking water
13 people would have no clean, safe water to drink


If the World were 100 PEOPLE:100のピープル統計の詳細なバージョン
Gender
50 would be female
50 would be male

Age
26 would be 0-14
66 would be 15-64
8 would be 65 and older

Geography
60 would be from Asia
15 would be from Africa
11 would be from Europe
9 would be from Latin America & the Caribbean
5 would be from North America

Religion
33 would be Christian
22 would be Muslim
14 would be Hindu
7 would be Buddhist
12 would believe in other religions
12 would not be religious or identify themselves
as being aligned with a particular faith

First Language
12 would speak Chinese
5 would speak Spanish
5 would speak English
3 would speak Arabic
3 would speak Hindi
3 would speak Bengali
3 would speak Portuguese
2 would speak Russian
2 would speak Japanese
62 would speak other languages

Overall Literacy
83 would be able to read and write
17 would not

Literacy by Gender
88% of males would be able to read and write
12% of males would not be able to read and write
79% of females would be able to read and write
21% of females would not be able to read and write

Education
76% of eligible males would have a primary school education
72% of eligible females would have a primary school education

66% of eligible males would have a secondary school education
63% of eligible females would have a secondary school education

7 would have a college degree

Urban/Rural
51 would be urban dwellers
49 would be rural dwellers

Drinking Water
87 would have access to safe drinking water
13 would use unimproved water

Food
15 would be undernourished
Infectious Disease <1% would have HIV/AIDS
<1%would have tuberculosis

Poverty
48 would live on less than $2 USD per day
1 out of 2 children would live in poverty

Electricity
78 would have electricity
22 would not

Technology
75 would be cell phone users
30 would be active internet users
22 would own or share a computer

Sanitation
65 would have improved sanitation
16 would have no toilets
19 would have unimproved toilets

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