Scots celebrated April Fool's with the tradition of

Scots celebrated April Fool's with the tradition of "Hunting the Gowk".

The gowk, an old Scots word meaning "a cuckoo" was an emblem for simpleton and the butt of practical jokes. Scots would play pranks on the gowk, usually on the unfortunate victim's posterior.E. Cobham Brewer(1810 - 1897)のDictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.In the Teutonic the word gauch means fool; whence the Anglo-Saxon geac, a cuckoo, and the Scotch goke or gouk. 1.Hunting the gowk [fool], is making one an April fool. (See APRIL.) 2.A gowk storm is a term applied to a storm consisting of several days of tempestuous weather, believed by the peasantry to take place periodically about the beginning of April, at the time that the gowk or cuckoo visits this country. 3."That being done, he hoped that this was but a gowk-storm."-Sir G. Mackenzie: Memoirs, p. 70.--------------------------------------------------------------Happy April Fool's Day!--------------------------------------------------------------Communications-related Headlines is a free online news summary service provided by the Benton Foundation (<http://www.benton.org/>www.benton.org). Posted Monday through Friday, this service usually provides updates on important industry developments, policy issues, and other related news events.Today, however, we tried something different. While these summaries are completely inaccurate, the formal tone is a lame attempt to mock the thousands of stories we've covered since April 1, 2006. Headlines are compiled by Kevin Taglang headlines@benton.org -- we welcome your comments.Public Benefit Still Missing from Digital TV TransitionMarch 27, 2007 On the eve of a House Telecommunications Subcommittee hearing on the DTV transition, the Campaign Legal Center, the Benton Foundation and the Center for American Progress have written key Congressional leaders to push the FCC to finish its inquiry into DTV public interest obligations. At a March 14 FCC oversight hearing, FCC Chairman Kevin Martin said that the commission had already dealt with some of those issues stemming from a 1999 notice of inquiry. The organizations, longtime advocates for quantifiable public interest obligations in the digital age including minimum amounts of campaign centered speech, begged to differ, including the date. We told Subcommittee Chairman Ed Markey (D-MA) and Commerce Chairman John Dingell (D-MI) that the FCC had been considering new DTV public interest rules since 1995 without any resolution of the issue, and suggested that broadcasters should be required to meet guidelines on Local Civic and Electoral Affairs Programming; Independently Produced Programming; Reporting/Disclosure; and Excessive Commercialization, as a minimum for getting license approvals.New Routes to Community Health Offers Grants Up to $225,00 to SupportMarch 15, 2007 New Routes to Community Health announces the launch of a new national project to support local partnerships among immigrant organizations, media production centers, and established community institutions to foster collaborations to improve immigrants' health, work life, and civic participation. New Routes is a national program of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, with direction and technical assistance provided by the Benton Foundation and MasComm Associates.Benton Celebrates E-Rate, Mourns TOP and CTCsFebruary 26, 2007 Today, Charles Benton sent a letter to Education Secretary Margaret Spellings, Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez and FCC Chairman Kevin Martin celebrating the ten successful years of the E-Rate, the federal program that has helped wire the nation's schools and libraries to the Internet.More Than 4,200 Days of FCC InactionFebruary 9, 2007 US television broadcasting will be all digital in less than 715 days, but the Federal Communications Commission still has not determined the public interest obligations of digital television broadcasters -- a matter it first asked for public comment on in 1995! See Campaign Legal Center and Benton Foundation letter to House Telecom Subcommittee Chairman Ed Markey asking for Congressional oversight.Benton Receives Hadden Pioneer Award, Renews Call for National Broadband StrategyFebruary 9, 2007 Benton Foundation Chairman and CEO Charles Benton identified four steps to restore the country's Internet competitiveness: collecting better data, devising a national broadband strategy, restoring TOP, and reforming Universal Service.Benton Calls for National Broadband StrategyJanuary 2, 2007 During the 2004 election, President Bush called for "universal, affordable access for broadband technology by the year 2007." As we begin 2007, we're far from reaching the President's goal.Meet Me in MemphisJanuary 9, 2007 Will the strong -- and growing -- media reform movement be 2007's most undercovered story?FCC Chairman Kevin Martin's 2nd TermNovember 17, 2006 What will FCC Chairman Kevin Martin's policy approach be on key issues like encouraging broadband penetration, Network Neutrality, and media ownership?Consumer Advisory Committee Adopts Second Media Ownership RecommendationNovember 3, 2006 The Federal Communication Commission's Consumer Advisory Committee, which includes the Benton Foundation, adopted a recommendation on the 2006 Quadrennial Regulatory Review of the Commission's Media Ownership Rules.Consumer Advisory Committee Adopts Media Ownership RecommendationJuly 21, 2006 Without objection, the Federal Communications Commission's Consumer Advisory Committee adopted a recommendation on media ownership.Bigger Media Does Not Equal Better MediaOctober 23, 2006 The Benton Foundation and the Social Science Research Council released four independent academic studies on the impact of media consolidation in the U.S.Coalition Asks FCC to Tighten or Maintain Existing Broadcast Ownership LimitsOctober 23, 2006 The Office of Communication of the United Church of Christ, Inc., National Organization for Women, Media Alliance, Common Cause, and Benton Foundation, urged the Commission to tighten or maintain existing broadcast ownership limits.FCC's Media Ownership ProceedingAugust 11, 2006 A brief summary of the issues being addressed and specific questions the FCC raises in the media ownership proceeding.FCC Needs to Include Public in New Media Ownership ProceedingJune 21, 2006 The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) initiated its Quadrennial Regulatory Review Regulatory Review of Broadcast Ownership Rules; it should be the most comprehensive look at media ownership regulation ever undertaken by the FCC.Digital Television: Future, Past & Present: FCC Action Needed to Ensure Public Interest Has a FutureFebruary 16, 2006 Charles Benton asked FCC Chairman Kevin Martin to elevate broadcasters' public interest obligations on the Commission's agenda.Getting to February 2009: Outstanding DTV Transition IssuesFebruary 1, 2006 Unresolved in the Digital Television Transition and Public Safety Act are a number of issues that will determine the success of the investment Americans are making in the transition.