1879-11-05

Clerk Maxwell died in Cambridge, England, United Kingdom.

One of Scotland's most brilliant minds, Mathematical physicist James Clerk Maxwell died at the age of 48 of abdominal cancer in Cambridge, England, United Kingdom.

Maxwell had an incalculable effect on 20th century physics - so much that Albert Einstein declared his theories as the "most profound and the most fruitful that physics has experienced since the time of Newton." Born in Edinburgh, Maxwell was most famous for the "Maxwell equations", which relate to the behaviour of electric and magnetic fields and which later paved the way for technological advances such as radio and x-ray.He was also the first person to produce true colour photography. Today is also the traditional Guy Fawkes Night celebration in the UK. Bonfires are lit and fireworks set off to celebrate the failure of the Gunpowder Plot in which a group of Catholic conspirators attempted to blow up the Houses of Parliament and the Protestant King James VI.